Le futur moyen courrier russe MS-21 s’offre les moteurs de Pratt & Whitney

23/04/2012 – Emmanuel Grynszpan, à Moscou

Le moyen courrier russe MS-21 sera équipé au choix d’un réacteur américain ou russe. Le futur concurrent des monocouloirs de Boeing et d’Airbus, composé à 35 % de matériaux composite, entrera sur le marché autour de 2020.

Tout comme le dernier avion civil russe, le Sukhoi Superjet, le MS-21 recevra lui aussi un moteur étranger. Déterminée à revenir sur le marché de l’aéronautique civile après 20 années d’absence, la Russie intègre au maximum les technologies étrangères pour rattraper son retard. Constructeur du MS-21, la société d’Etat Irkut, plus connue pour ses célèbres avions de combat Sukhoï, devrait signer à la mi-mai un contrat avec le motoriste américain Pratt & Whitney.

Le quotidien russe « Kommersant » rapporte qu’Irkut va acheter « pour commencer » 100 réacteurs PW1000G pour son bimoteur MS-21. Des réacteurs coûtant 5,4 millions de dollars à l’unité. Le nouveau moteur de Pratt & Whitney a déjà été sélectionné comme moteur exclusif pour le C-Series de l’avionneur canadien Bombardier et du japonais Mitsubishi Regional Jet (MRJ). Il est également dans le catalogue d’Airbus pour l’A320 Neo.

Irkut est également tenu par son propriétaire OAK (corporation d’Etat russe regroupant la quasi totalité des actifs aéronautiques du pays) d’offrir à ses clients le choix d’un autre moteur. Logiquement, c’est le russe ODK (filiale d’OAK regroupant les fabriquant de réacteurs), qui a été choisi pour équiper le MS-21. Ce futur moteur, le PD-14, va également recevoir une commande de 100 exemplaires. Le PD-14 coûte 6 millions de dollars à l’unité. Selon Kommersant, Pratt & Witney sont disposés à offrir des rabais importants par rapport au prix catalogue.

Safran pas intéressé

La filiale motoriste de Safran, Snecma, qui fabrique le moteur de l’avion régional Superjet 100 de Sukhoï, en partenariat avec le russe Saturn, ne s’est pas porté candidat à l’appel d’offre du MS-21. « Nous avons déjà fort à faire avec le Superjet », confie une source chez Snecma. « Les Russes ont choisi des partenaires européens pour le Superjet tandis que pour le MS-21, ils piochent plutôt dans les technologies américaines, ce qui est logique ».

La production en série du MS-21, qui était à l’origine prévue pour 2016, vient d’être reportée à 2020, selon le vice-Premier ministre, Dmitri Rogozine. Les essais vont démarrer en 2015-2016, précise-t-il dans des propos rapportés par Interfax. Premier avion moyen courrier conçu depuis la fin de l’époque soviétique, le MS-21 devra transporter jusqu’à 212 passagers sur 5.500 kms, suivant les versions. Son prix doit être autour de 65 millions de dollars.

L’avion qui n’existe aujourd’hui que sous forme de maquette, possède déjà à son actif 156 commandes fermes, dont 50 de la compagnie malaisienne Crecom, auxquelles il faut ajouter 84 options.

Source: la Tribune / AFP

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DoD Might Cut Jets from 5th F-35 Batch

By MARCUS WEISGERBER
Published: 8 Aug 2011 16:01

The Pentagon might have to cut the number of F-35 Lightning II fighters it purchases in an upcoming buy to cover increased development costs in early model jets, unless Congress approves a $151 million funding transfer, according to U.S. Defense Department documents.

DoD asked Congress to approve the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) money transfer in a 91-page, June 30 omnibus reprogramming. Congress has yet to OK the measure.

The cost overruns surround 31 of the single-engine jets purchased over the past five years, according to a Pentagon acquisition document. The aircraft were part of the first three low-rate initial production (LRIP) buys.

« If the reprogramming request is not approved, additional funding within the JSF program will be diverted to cover these costs, » the document said.

The additional funds would cover development cost increases involving « both airframe and propulsion contracts, » the reprogramming document said.

In addition to F-35 prime contractor Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman and BAE Systems build parts of the fuselage. Pratt & Whitney builds the engine that powers the stealth jet.

The cost increases came before then-Defense Secretary Robert Gates restructured the multiservice F-35 program earlier this year, according to the acquisition document.

« The JSF program is already working to cover most of the cost overruns internally, » the document said.

Last year, the Pentagon and Lockheed negotiated an LRIP-4 contract for jets that caps the government’s vulnerability to cost increases and rewards the contractor for controlling cost growth. DoD plans to use a similar fixed-price structure during LRIP-5 negotiations later this year.

But if Congress does not approve the $151 million reprogramming, the Pentagon might have to shrink the number of jets purchased in LRIP-5.

« The diversion of additional JSF funds could result in the purchase of fewer aircraft in LRIP 5 and result in future cost increases for the JSF program, » the acquisition document said.

The F-35 is the Pentagon’s largest acquisition program ever, with a total price tag estimated at more than $380 billion, which includes development and production. An updated program cost is expected this fall.

The Pentagon plans to buy 2,443 F-35s, which will be flown by the Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps. Hundreds of foreign sales are also expected.

The Air Force jet flies from traditional runways and the Navy jet from aircraft carriers. The Marine Corps version can take off from short runways or smaller amphibious ships and land vertically.

The jet will replace a number of combat aircraft, including the F-16 Fighting Falcon, F/A-18 Hornet, AV-8B Harrier and A-10 Warthog.

After years of development issues, the program had gained steam in recent months, completing flight test objectives faster than most recently planned. However, all 20 F-35 test jets were grounded Aug. 2 following a failure of the aircraft’s power system.

Source: defensenews

First Pratt & Whitney PurePower® PW1217G Engine Testing Begins

WEST PALM BEACH, Fla. – May 17, 2011 – Ground testing of Pratt & Whitney’s first PW1200G family engine – the PW1217G engine for the Mitsubishi Regional Jet (MRJ) – is well under way. The engine, the first of an eight-engine validation and certification program, has completed nearly 16 hours of testing to date. Pratt & Whitney is a United Technologies Corp. (NYSE:UTX) company.

Over 2,000 pieces of instrumentation are used to support design validation of key low rotor components. Testing of this first PW1217G engine is expected to last through mid-year. In addition to this engine, a PW1217G test core will soon begin stress testing in the Pratt & Whitney West Palm Beach facility to further the design validation of high rotor components. Three additional PW1217G engines are in various stages of build and will begin testing shortly.

“We are very pleased with the initial results from the PW1217G engine test. It is meeting our pre-test expectations,” said Bob Saia, vice president, Next Generation Product Family. “We have incorporated lessons learned from extensive development and testing of the Geared Turbofan™ engine architecture demonstrating unprecedented technology readiness before the engine ran for the first time.”

The PW1217G engine test program will run a total of eight test engines over the next two years with engine certification and aircraft first flight scheduled for 2012. Entry into service is scheduled for 2014. All Nippon Airways and Trans State Holdings have placed firm and option orders for a total of 125 Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation MRJ aircraft.

The PurePower family of engines is designed to power the next generation of passenger aircraft. The combination of its gear system and advanced core allows PurePower engines to deliver double-digit improvements in fuel efficiency and emissions with a 50-percent reduction in noise over today’s engines.

The PurePower engine also has been selected as exclusive power for the Bombardier CSeries aircraft scheduled to enter service in 2013 and to power the Airbus A320neo aircraft family scheduled to enter service in 2015, as well as the Irkut MC-21 narrow-body jet scheduled to enter service in 2016.

Pratt & Whitney is a world leader in the design, manufacture and service of aircraft engines, space propulsion systems and industrial gas turbines. United Technologies, based in Hartford, Conn., is a diversified company providing high technology products and services to the global aerospace and building industries.

This release includes « forward looking statements » concerning anticipated business opportunities that are subject to risks and uncertainties, including with regard to the programs described in this release. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated or implied in forward looking statements include the impact of deterioration or extended weakness in global economic conditions on demand for our products and services, the financial strength of customers and suppliers and on levels of air travel; and challenges in the design, development, production and support of advanced technologies and new products and services. For information identifying other important economic, political, regulatory, legal, technological, competitive and other uncertainties, see UTC’s 10-K, 10-Q and other reports filed with the SEC.

* Bombardier and CSeries are trademarks of Bombardier Inc. or its subsidiaries.

Pentagon Contract Announcement : United Technologies Corp

May 13, 2011

United Technologies Corp., Pratt & Whitney, Military Engines, East Hartford, Conn., is being awarded a $910,155,145 modification to convert a previously awarded undefinitized contract action (N00019-09-C-0015) to a firm-fixed-incentive-fee/cost-plus-incentive-fee contract.

This modification further provides for the procurement of 36 Low Rate Initial Production 4 (LRIP 4) F-135 Propulsion Systems, 10 Conventional Take Off and Landing (CTOL) propulsion systems, two spare engines, initial spare modules and spare parts for the U.S. Air Force; 16 Short Take Off and Vertical Landing (STOVL) propulsion systems, two spare engines, initial spare modules and spare parts for the Department of the Navy (United States Marine Corps); one Navy STOVL propulsion system, initial spare modules and spare parts for the United Kingdom; four Carrier Variant (CV) propulsion systems, one spare engine, initial spare modules and spare parts for the U.S. Navy.

In addition, this modification provides for associated engineering assistance to production, special tooling, special test equipment, production non-recurring effort, autonomic logistics planning and management, sustainment activities (i.e., site activation, site stand-up, production support, and depot activation), program management, and financial and technical data.

Work will be performed in East Hartford, Conn (73 percent), Bristol, United Kingdom (20 percent), and Indianapolis, Ind. (7 percent), and is expected to be completed in January 2013.  Contract funds will not expire at the end of the current fiscal year.  This contract combines purchases for the Department of the Navy ($638,956,839; 70.2 percent), the U.S. Air Force ($222,506,542; 24.45 percent) and the United Kingdom ($48,691,764; 5.35 percent).  The Naval Air Systems Command, Patuxent River, Md., is the contracting activity.

‘We are laying ownership for the next 100 years’

Charest heaps praise at facility’s launch

The formal launch of Pratt & Whitney Canada’s $360-million, 300,000 square-foot engine-assembly plant drew lavish praise Friday.

But what, precisely, will be its mandate has yet to be fully disclosed.

“Today,” said Premier Jean Charest, “we are laying ownership of the aerospace industry for the next 100 years.”

Louis Chênevert, chairman and chief executive officer of Hartford, Conn.-based United Technologies Corp., Pratt & Whitney Canada’s parent, called it “a historic moment.”

Pratt & Whitney Canada president John Saabas said the plant’s economic impact “will be felt for decades to come.”

The event unveiled the second half of the sprawling facility.

The section will conduct the final assembly for geared turbofan engines, including the PW1524G for Bombardier Inc.’ s CSeries future airliner, in development and due for delivery in 2013, as well as for the PW800 engine for business jets.

The plant will also make the GTF engines for other aircraft projects in various stages of development.

In October, Pratt & Whitney Canada launched Mirabel’s first phase, the flight-test centre. The whole facility is expected to employ about 300 people when fully operational in 2016.

But a key question remains unanswered: will the plant also do the final assembly for a larger GTF motor that will power the Airbus A320neo?

David Hess, president of Hartford’s Pratt & Whitney, the immediate parent of Pratt & Whitney Canada, said that “sometime this year, we’ll decide on where we’ll build the engines for the (A320)neo.”

“We’ve got a lot of growth in front of us and we’re going to decide where to put it all.”

“But certainly (Mirabel) is a candidate. It’s a beautiful facility.”

That would be a coup for Pratt & Whitney Canada; Airbus expects to sell about 4,000 A320neos over 10 to 15 years.

The Longueuil-based engine-maker still makes the PT6 general aviation engine developed in the 1960s, Saabas noted, an early investment that keeps paying dividends, including on the engine’s periodic modernization.

Charest noted that Quebec has provided $250 million in financial aid to Pratt & Whitney, a quarter of the $1 billion the firm has invested in Quebec. Pratt & Whitney has also received federal aid.

On repayment of taxpayers’ contribution to the company, Charest would only say that some amounts will be repaid on royalties – a certain amount per engine sold after a certain period.

There are no details on the interest rates of the loans.

Saabas, though, said that his company has spent $8 billion on R&D since 1982 and will devote another $2 billion in the next five years.

Charest stressed that investments in aerospace are for products that have a shelf life measured in decades.

“This is a day of great pride for all Quebecers,” she said. “The aerospace industry is us, it’s you here in Quebec. The future of the industry belongs to Quebec.”

Behind the high-flying rhetoric at the event lies a significant phenomenon; after being basically shut out of the regional-jet industry and being relegated to a laggard spot in commercial aviation engines for decades, analysts say, Pratt & Whitney is poised to take the lead again with cleaner and quieter engines.

And Bombardier can take credit for being the catalyst. It was the first to order the GTF engine for the CSeries, before either even existed.

Source: MontrealGazette.com

Lockheed F-35 Proposal Shows Cost Creeping Up

By Andrea Shalal-Esa/Reuters
WASHINGTON

May 2, 2011

Lockheed Martin’s proposal for the latest batch of F-35 fighter jets shows the price per plane creeping up on the Pentagon’s costliest weapons program, sources familiar with the program said.

The company racked up cost overruns totaling about $500 million on the first three production contracts, said the sources, who were not authorized to speak publicly.

The Pentagon has restructured the $382 billion program twice in two years to get a grip on nagging technical issues and repeated cost overruns.

The cost of building new warplanes usually goes down over time as manufacturing quantities increase, but Lockheed’s bid for a fifth batch of 35 planes was $5 million to $7 million higher per plane than in the fourth contract, the sources said.

The rising price reflects higher actual costs on the first three sets of production planes, and a switch from “cost-plus” contracts to “fixed-price, incentive-fee” terms, which make the company more accountable for cost overruns, the sources said.

Navy Vice Admiral David Venlet, who runs the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program, last month said that defense acquisition and audit officials would carefully review Lockheed’s proposal for a fifth batch of 35 production planes, which will be the second on fixed-price, incentive fee terms.

Pentagon acquisition chief Ashton Carter has repeatedly underscored his continuing cost concerns about the program.

Last month, he told lawmakers that costs were growing too fast on both the overall F-35 program, and the F135 engine being developed by Pratt & Whitney, a unit of United Technologies. He said cost overruns on the airframe were proportionately higher than on the engine.

Carter included the program as one of 14 weapons programs that will be subject to tougher oversight.

Lockheed, the Pentagon’s No. 1 supplier by sales, said it submitted a bid for the next lot of 35 planes on April 25.

It is developing three variants of the new warplanes as a replacement for over a dozen warplane models now flown by the U.S. military and eight partner countries.

Joe DellaVedova, spokesman for the Pentagon’s F-35 program office, declined comment on the terms of Lockheed’s LRIP 5 proposal, but said the contract would be finalized in coming months after detailed negotiations with the company.

Lockheed spokesman Joe LaMarca confirmed that Lockheed had submitted a proposal on April 25, but gave no further details.

Source: REUTERS

Pratt’s F117 Tied to Boeing C-17 Program’s Fate

NEWTOWN, Conn. — With production of Boeing’s 757 ending in 2005, the [only remaining] application for Pratt & Whitney’s PW2000/F117 is the Boeing C-17 Globemaster tactical transport.

Boeing’s best customer for the C-17 is the USAF, which has capped procurement at 223 aircraft in the face of a very restricted budget. As a response to this move, Boeing has reduced the C-17’s build rates in an effort to stretch out production while looking for new orders.

Boeing has been aggressively marketing the C-17 to foreign air forces that can afford it, but the $220 million unit cost is limiting the potential market. A contract was signed between Boeing and the Indian Air Force for a purchase of 10 C-17s, with a possible six options. This represents the largest export order for the aircraft to date. Other potential prospects include Malaysia, Oman, Singapore, South Africa and Saudi Arabia.

In an effort to broaden the C-17’s market appeal, Boeing proposed a new version called the C-17FE. It is essentially a 1.2-meter-narrower version of the existing aircraft with enhanced use of composites to lighten the structure.

Boeing’s intent is to offer the new aircraft for the Joint Future Theater Lift program of the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Army. It is assumed the thrust requirement will be similar, and the F117 engine would carry over to the new variant.

The JFTL program is not expected to field an aircraft until the 2020-2025 timeframe.

Source: Forecast International

IndiGo Selects Pratt & Whitney PurePower PW1100G Engines for Airbus A320neo Order: One of the Largest Orders in Recent Aviation History

EAST HARTFORD, Conn. — IndiGo has selected Pratt & Whitney PurePower PW1100G engines to power its fleet of 150 new Airbus A320neo family aircraft. The decision represents 300 firm PW1100G engines with options for additional engines. In addition, IndiGo has also chosen Pratt & Whitney to provide maintenance for these PurePower engines. Pratt & Whitney is a division of United Technologies Corp.

« Our selection underscores the confidence in the Pratt & Whitney PurePower engine and is another important milestone in IndiGo’s history, » said Rakesh Gangwal and Rahul Bhatia, founders of IndiGo. « At IndiGo, we are committed to maintain low fares while reducing our impact on the environment through the use of green technology such as these PurePower engines. »

« The PurePower engine’s benefits will allow us to make dramatic improvements in environmental performance with reduced emissions and significant savings in fuel consumption, » said IndiGo President Aditya Ghosh. « We are very pleased to extend these benefits to our customers, as they select IndiGo as India’s greenest carrier. »

« We are honored IndiGo chose the PurePower engine — one of the largest engine orders in recent aviation history — for their new A320neo family fleet, » said Pratt & Whitney President David Hess. « For more than 85 years Pratt & Whitney has delivered dependable engines for its global customers. We look forward to delivering these dependable PurePower engines with its fuel burn, maintenance and environmental benefits to IndiGo as they grow to meet India’s new demands. »

Each IndiGo Airbus A320neo family aircraft will be powered by two PurePower PW1100G engines with benefits including double-digit reductions in fuel burn, environmental emissions, engine noise and operating costs when compared to today’s engines.

« PurePower PW1100G engines are the ideal choice for IndiGo, » said Todd Kallman, Pratt & Whitney Commercial Engines & Global Services president. « This revolutionary engine will allow IndiGo significant operating cost savings combined with emissions and noise reductions. »

With this selection, Pratt & Whitney now has more than 1,200 PW1000G engines on order, including options. The PurePower engine uses an advanced gear system allowing the engine’s fan to operate at a different speed than the low-pressure compressor and turbine. The combination of the gear system and an all-new advanced core delivers double-digit improvements in fuel efficiency and environmental emissions as well as a 50 percent reduction in noise.

IndiGo is India’s largest low-cost carrier, as well as the fastest growing carrier. It operates domestic services linking 25 destinations. Its main base is Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport.

Pratt & Whitney is a world leader in the design, manufacture and service of aircraft engines, space propulsion systems and industrial gas turbines. United Technologies, based in Hartford, Conn., is a diversified company providing high technology products and services to the global aerospace and building industries.

MRJ : Pratt & Whitney achève l’assemblage du premier PW1200G

publié le 28/03/2011 à 11:46, Emilie Drab

Le MRJ a son premier moteur d’essais. Pratt & Whitney a annoncé le 24 mars qu’il avait achevé l’assemblage du premier PW1200G, la version destinée à l’appareil régional japonais de Mitsubishi de son nouveau moteur de la famille PurePower.

Il s’agit du modèle PW1217G du réacteur, c’est-à-dire la version capable de fournir 17 000 livres de poussée et destinée à la version la plus longue du MRJ, le MRJ90. Il sera envoyé dans les installations du motoriste américain à West Palm Beach (Floride) pour y être testé.

Huit PW1200G d’essais seront produits dans les deux prochaines années. Le moteur doit entrer en service en 2014. Mitsubishi a conclu des accords avec All Nippon Airways et Trans States Holdings.

Ce moteur est le troisième PW1000G d’essais construit par Pratt & Whitney. Le premier modèle, un PW1500G – le modèle qui équipera les appareils de la famille Cseries de Bombardier –, a pratiquement achevé ses tests initiaux au sol et dépassé les 200 heures de tests.

Source: Aérocontact

Pratt & Whitney Completes First PurePower(R) PW1200G Engine for Mitsubishi Regional Jet

MIDDLETOWN, Conn. – March 24, 2011 – Pratt & Whitney completed assembly on the first PurePower PW1217G engine to test for the Mitsubishi Regional Jet (MRJ) aircraft.  The engine, rated at 17,000 pounds of thrust, is the third PurePower PW1000G series engine to complete assembly.  It will be delivered to Pratt & Whitney’s West Palm Beach, Fla., facility to initiate testing. The MRJ Last Bolt Ceremony was held today at Pratt & Whitney’s Middletown Engine Center in Connecticut.  Pratt & Whitney is a United Technologies Corp. (NYSE:UTX) company.

“The PurePower engine is an integral part of the new Mitsubishi Regional Jet,” Yukihiko Nakata, senior deputy project manager, Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation, told Pratt & Whitney employees at the MRJ Last Bolt Ceremony today.  “We continue to work closely with Pratt & Whitney to integrate the engine with the airframe, and we look forward to getting the initial test results from this first engine to test.”

“Completion of this first engine to test for the PW1200G series is another important milestone for the PurePower engine program,” said Bob Saia, vice president, Next Generation Product Family.  “Ground testing of our first PurePower engine exceeded our expectations, and I predict that testing for this first PW1217G engine will produce similar results.”

The PW1200G engine test program will run a total of eight test engines over the next 24 months.  Entry into service is scheduled for 2014.  Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation has sold MRJ aircraft to All Nippon Airways and Trans States Holdings.

Pratt & Whitney recently completed initial ground testing of its first PW1000G series engine with nearly 200 hours of testing.  PurePower engine core testing concluded last year with more than 260 accumulated test hours.  In addition to the core testing, Pratt & Whitney has performed critical module-level testing for the PurePower engine program, including fan drive gear system testing with simulations of more than 60,000 takeoffs and landings, and hundreds of hours of testing on the low- and high-pressure compressor with advanced designs meeting or exceeding efficiency and operability goals.

Pratt & Whitney is a world leader in the design, manufacture and service of aircraft engines, space propulsion systems and industrial gas turbines. United Technologies, based in Hartford, Conn., is a diversified company providing high technology products and services to the global aerospace and building industries.