The first submarine (S41) of a batch of four, arrived in Alexandria’s Ras El-Tin naval base on 19 April. The new submarine, manufactured by German company ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems, sailed from the German city of Kiel at the end of March.

Egypt 209-1400

According to the Egyptian press, the Egyptian navy undertook exercises using the submarine on 18 April, ensuring its readiness to join the fleet.

Similar to the South African submarines, these submarines have a dived top speed of 21.5 knots. They are equipped to launch both missiles and torpedoes.

In May 2016, the US State Department agreed to sell to Egypt via a foreign military sales (FMS), twenty Harpoon UGM-84L Block-II encapsulated missiles at a cost of $143 million including services for five years. At the time, the DSCA (Defense Security and Defense Agency) indicated that these weapons were for supporting the Egyptian Navy’s Type 209 submarines.

Even if South African submarines are equipped with SUT 264 torpedoes, we could fairly think Egyptian boats might fire DM2-A3 torpedoes like Colombia, with its German Type 209/1200. Another option is the American Mk-48 torpedoe. Indeed, Egyptian Romero submarines have already Mk-48 Mod4M or Mk-48 Mod 6AT torpedoes in their inventory.

According to the German press, the second submarine (S42) is currently under trials. The agreement between Egyptian authorities and TKMS foresees that the two next units will be delivered from 2018 onwards.

Romero’s replacement program:

For over 15 years, Egypt has looked for replacing its Chinese Romero-class submarines delivered in 1983 and 1984.

Early in the 2000s, Egypt was keen to procure second-hand submarines. In December 2004, preliminary negotiations with Germany for the acquisition of Type 206A submarines Germany took place. Egyptian authorities were already interested to get up to four submarines. Other studied options included Greek Type 209/1100 submarines and even three Heroj-class submarines from Montenegro.

After several years of negotiations, due to the fact Germany already supplies Dolphin-class submarines to Israel, both governments reached an agreement in summer 2011 for 2+2 (2 and 2 in option) Type 209/1400 submarines for €920 million. In February 2014, rumours indicated that Egypt wanted to activate its option from TKMS for a cost of €500 million notwithstanding the alleged opposition of former Federal Minister of Economic Affairs and Energy, Sigmar Gabriel who vowed a much more cautious approach to licensing arms exports. In 2015, the German press unveiled the option was exercised.

Between 2011 and 2015, other rumours indicated Egypt was interested by Russian submarines into a wider package with aircrafts, artillery systems, etc.

Written by Julien Brugnetti for OIDA Strategic Intelligence


La Colombie réceptionne ses nouveaux sous-marins à Kiel


Les chantiers navals allemands de Kiel ne connaissent pas la crise. L’Allemagne décommissionne graduellement pour raisons budgétaires ses sous-marins de Type 206A. Six sous-marins ont été récemment décommissionnés et mis sous cocon pour d’éventuels clients le 14 décembre 2010 et le 31 mars 2011. Quatre étaient basés en baltique et 2 dans l’atlantique à Wilhelmshaven en Basse-Saxe.

Ces derniers bâtiments ont trouvé acquéreur avec la Colombie comme le soulignait un article d’UPI en février dernier. En effet, le transfert des deux sous-marins (les S172-U23 et S173-U24) a eu lieu à Kiel ce 27 août 2012.

L’ARC “Intrepido” ex U-23 et l’ARC “Indomable” ex U-24 ont été modifies pour une légère tropicalisation dans les chantiers de TKMS. Ces bâtiments aideront les ARC “Pijao” et ARC ‘Tayrona” de classe 209/1200 dans la lutte contre les cartels de drogues et leurs semi-submersibles tout comme un renforcement vis-à-vis du Vénézuela.

Deux autres sous-marins pourraient être vendus par l’Allemagne à la Colombie en vue de servir de réservoir pour les pièces de rechanges nécessaires à la longévité des ARC “Intrepido” et ARC “Indomable”.

Un autre pays était sur les rangs pour l’acquisition de ces sous-marins : la Thaïlande. Quatre sous-marins lui étaient même destinés mais il semblerait qu’il n’en soit plus ainsi suite à une contre-offre de la Corée du Sud, probablement pour des sous-marins type 209, produits sous licence par Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering, les mêmes qui seront destinés à l’Indonésie.

Néanmoins, la presse allemande fait état de quatre sous-marins gardés au chaud pour un éventuel client, serait-ce pour Singapour ?

David Campese

Team to investigate Collins-class replacements

MILLIONS of taxpayer dollars will be spent to see whether Australia can design its own submarines despite the Defence Department admitting such a move would pose an « extreme risk » because of a lack of local expertise.

A meeting in Canberra today is expected to lead to the creation of a joint Defence and industry team to explore the option of an Australian design for the new fleet of 12 submarines.

Creating an Australian design for the new submarines is considered the most risky and least likely option for Defence, which is examining proven overseas designs as part of the $36 billion project.

In February, Rear Admiral Rowan Moffitt told a Senate estimates hearing that it made no sense for Australia to design submarines.

« If we were to design a submarine in Australia using the skills and resources we have in Australia today, the risk would be extreme, » he said. « No one is saying we should do that.

« We do not have the resources and no one has suggested that we do this entirely within our existing national resources. It is not something that makes a lot of sense to do in terms of design. »

However, a submarine concept design workshop being held by Defence in Canberra today for Australian industry representatives takes a different view, according to a workshop document obtained by The Australian.

« SEA 1000 (the new submarine program team) believes initial exploration of (a new design) is within the capability of Australian industry, and is considering the establishment of a Defence and industry integrated project team to examine this option by completing a submarine concept design study, » it says.

The concept design would be a 12-month project beginning in January.

The document warns that if further inspection reveals a shortfall of appropriate skills, the Australian design work may be scrapped. « If the skills are not available, then the design activity may not proceed, » it says.

An Australian design for the new submarines is one of four options being examined by the government.

The others are: to buy off-the-shelf submarines from overseas; to buy from overseas but modify the boats for Australian components such as weapon systems; and the evolution of an existing design including a possible « son of Collins » based on the Collins-class boats.

Whichever option is chosen, the boats will be built in Adelaide. The government plans to make a decision by early 2014 on which option is best.

The 2009 white paper locked the government into building the world’s largest and most advanced conventional submarine.

Since then, the ongoing problems of the Collins-class fleet, coupled with Defence budget cuts, have led to careful consideration of existing submarines from Europe, which would be cheaper and would pose less technical risk.

Defence maintains, however, that European submarines do not have the range or the payload required for long-range missions in Asian waters.

Algeria orders six Super Lynx helicopters

Written by defenceWeb

Wednesday, 08 August 2012

The Algerian Navy is believed to have ordered six AgustaWestland Super Lynx 300 helicopters for its new Meko A200 class frigates.

In its results for the second quarter of 2012, Finmeccanica stated that, “the most important new orders of the period in the military-government line include the contract to supply six AW Super Lynx 300 helicopters to a key customer in the southern Mediterranean area…”.

The six Super Lynx will be built at AgustaWestland’s Yeovil factory. They are expected to operate from the Algerian Navy’s two Meko A200 frigates, which were ordered from ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS) on March 26 this year. TKMS will supply the two frigates and six Super Lynx helicopters under the contract, which, according to Germany’s Bild, is worth more than €400 million. However, some sources suggest the deal, which includes options on two more frigates, is worth between €2.176 and €2.5 billion.

The Super Lynx order follows on from a November 2007 deal for four Super Lynx Mk 130 and six AW101 Mk 610 Merlin helicopters. The aircraft were purchased for search and rescue – the AW101s feature 360 degree search radars and forward looking infrared/electro optical turrets under their noses.

Algerian crews were trained in Cornwall in the UK, with the first Lynx flying by February 2010 and the first Merlin commencing training flights in May. All the aircraft from this deal are believed to have been delivered and are fully operational. The fourth and final Super Lynx Mk 130 was delivered in January this year, after the first two were delivered in September 2010, followed by the third in February 2011.

Algeria has requested that its helicopter deals with AgustaWestland remain confidential and the Finmeccanica company does not comment on any Algerian acquisitions. However, it is believed that Algeria is acquiring at least 80 helicopters from AgustaWestland. These will be used by its armed forces, paramilitary forces and emergency forces and are being procured through the Algerian Ministry of Defence.

Algeria is procuring 30 AW109 Light Utility Helicopters and 42 AW101s for the paramilitary Gendarmerie Nationale, according to Arabian Aerospace. The magazine believes that 15 AW109s will be supplied to the Gendarmerie, ten to the Unite Aerienne de la Surete Nationale police service and five AW139s to the Protection Civile organisation responsible for emergencies such as fires.

A second batch of helicopters will reportedly consist of 10-15 AW101s for the Gendarmerie while a third phase will see 27-32 AW101s and 15 AW109s being assembled locally. The first two of five AW139s was delivered to the Protection Civile in February this year, according to Air Forces Monthly.

Finmeccanica’s results also made mention of a contract to supply five AW169s to a United Arab Emirates governmental customer; orders to supply two law enforcement-configured AW139 helicopters to the Japanese National Police Agency and the contract to supply one AW109 helicopter to the Chilean military police.


L’Algérie commande deux frégates à TKMS

Ce sont bien des frégates allemandes que l’Algérie a décidé de commander pour renouveler sa marine. Le 26 mars, le ministère algérien de la Défense et le groupe TKMS ont, selon des journaux algériens, signé un contrat portant sur la réalisation de deux frégates du type Meko A200N. Elles sont dérivées des quatre Valour (Meko A200) mises en service par la marine sud-africaine en 2006 et 2007. Pour mémoire, ces bâtiments mesurent 121 mètres de long et affiche un déplacement de 3590 tonnes en charge.
Côté armement, les frégates algériennes doivent être dotées de huit RBS-15 Mk3. Ce missile antinavire, développé et commercialisé par le Suédois Saab Bofors Dynamics et l’Allemand Diehl BGT Defence, affiche une portée de 200 kilomètres. Embarquant une charge militaire de 200 kilos, il dispose d’un autodirecteur infrarouge, ce qui le rend autonome par rapport au porteur après le tir, ainsi que d’un GPS, lui conférant une capacité de frappe contre des cibles côtières. Pour mémoire, le RBS-15 Mk3 a été adopté par la marine suédoise, ainsi que la flotte allemande pour ses nouvelles corvettes du type 130.
Comme les Valour, les Meko A200N seraient également dotées d’un système surface-air Umkhonto (32 missiles à lancement vertical), développé par la firme sud-africaine Denel Dynamics. L’artillerie comprendrait une tourelle de 76mm, deux canon de 35mm et des affûts de petit calibre. S’y ajouteraient des torpilles MU90 développées par DCNS, Thales et WASS.
En dehors des deux frégates, qui pourraient ultérieurement avoir deux sisterships, l’Algérie a également passé commande de 6 hélicoptères Super Lynx (AugustaWestland) et, dit-on, de 82 torpilles MU90. Celles-ci peuvent être mises en oeuvre depuis un bâtiment de surface ou un aéronef. En plus, les Super Lynx algériens pourront emporter le missile antinavire sud-africain Mokopa, produit par Denel.
L’ensemble de ces contrats atteindrait plus de 2.17 milliards d’euros. La commande serait, toutefois, encore soumise au feu vert des autorités allemandes, qui ont récemment autorisé la construction d’un sixième sous-marin du type Dolphin pour Israël et la vente de 200 chars Leopard A7 à l’Arabie saoudite.
Source: Mer et Marine

ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems Signs Contract with Canada for Design Study for Joint Support Ships

March 9, 2012 – David Pugliese

From ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems:

ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS) a leading European systems house providing submarines and naval surface ships and Canada’s procurement agency PWGSC have signed a contract in Hamburg for a multiphase design study for the Canadian Navy’s next generation Joint Support Ship (JSS).
As part of a major fleet renewal program, Canada plans to replace its two Auxiliary Oil Replenishment (AOR) Vessels with two or three Joint Support Ships. One possible design for the new JSS is a version of the German Navy’s latest Berlin Class Task Group Supply Vessel (EGV) specifically modified to meet Canadian requirements. The agreement between PWGSC and TKMSC includes the provisions for a licensing agreement for the use of the EGV design for the construction in and deployment of the ships by Canada should the EGV design be selected.

The modified design, to be developed by ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems Canada (TKMSC) in close cooperation with Blohm + Voss Naval (BVN), a strongly positioned professional naval systems engineering house, will be considered alongside an in-house design, being developed by the Department of National Defence (DND), the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), and BMT Fleet Technology in Canada.

Should the TKMS modified Berlin Class EGV design be chosen, the award of a contract for the functional design is planned, which would be used for the construction of the ships by a Canadian shipyard.


Des frégates allemandes pour l’Algérie : Info ou intox ?


Selon certains media algériens, TKMS serait en bonne position pour vendre des frégates à l’Algérie. Selon le journal El Khabar, un accord de principe aurait été conclu en ce sens lors de la visite du président Bouteflika en Allemagne. Mais, pour l’heure, aucun contrat n’est signé, et c’est bien là l’essentiel. Les négociations se poursuivent donc entre les autorités algériennes et les industriels allemands, certes, mais aussi avec leurs concurrents français et italiens, également en lice pour décrocher ce marché.

Alors que DCNS et Fincantieri proposent chacun leur version de la FREMM, les Allemands auraient, disent les journalistes algériens, présentés le modèle Meko 200. Il s’agirait d’une version dérivée des quatre frégates vendues par TKMS à l’Afrique du Sud (la dernière est entrée en service en 2007). Ces bâtiments, longs de 121 mètres pour un déplacement de 3590 tonnes en charge, mettent en oeuvre 8 missiles antinavire Exocet MM40 (MBDA), un système surface-air à lancement vertical Umkhonto (Denel-Kentron), des pièces de 76mm et 35 mm, ainsi que de tubes lance-torpilles et un hélicoptère.
Nettement plus grosses, les FREMM mesurent plus de 140 mètres de long pour un déplacement de 6000 tonnes en charge. Leur armement comprend 8 missiles antinavire, jusqu’à 32 missiles Aster, une pièce de 76mm, de l’artillerie légère, des tubes lance-torpilles et un hélicoptère lourd.
Selon un expert, rien n’est encore joué pour le marché algérien qui fait, comme c’est souvent le cas dans ce genre de dossier, l’objet d’effets d’annonces commerciaux servant à accentuer la pression entre les compétiteurs ou, entre les industriels eux-mêmes, à déstabiliser l’adversaire et tester ses réactions. Cela ne veut pas dire que l’Algérie n’achètera pas de frégates allemandes. Mais ce ne serait pas encore gagné.