L’Indonésie achète huit hélicoptères américains Apache

Publié le 26 août 2013

Dans le cadre de la stratégie engagée par Barack Obama de renforcement des liens avec l’Asie du sud-est, les Etats-Unis ont accepté de vendre huit hélicoptères de combat Apache à l’Indonésie, un contrat estimé à 500 millions de dollars.

Les États-Unis ont accepté, lundi 26 août, de vendre huit hélicoptères Apache à l’Indonésie, dans le cadre du renforcement des liens avec l’Asie du sud-est. Le contrat, d’une valeur de 500 millions de dollars et comprenant la formation des pilotes et les radars, a été annoncé par le secrétaire américain à la Défense Chuck Hagel, lors de l’étape indonésienne de sa tournée en Asie. Ces hélicoptères seront assemblés par Boeing.

« Fournir à l’Indonésie ces hélicoptères de classe mondiale illustre notre engagement à aider à construire les capacités militaires de l’Indonésie », a déclaré Chuck Hagel, après une réunion avec son homologue indonésien, le ministre de la Défense Purnomo Yusgiantoro. « Une Indonésie forte est bonne pour la région », a-t-il ajouté.

L’intérêt américain dans le développement des liens militaires avec Jakarta, pays musulman le plus peuplé au monde, s’inscrit dans le cadre de la stratégie adoptée en janvier 2012 par le président Barack Obama. Une stratégie dite de « pivot » vers l’Asie-Pacifique après une décennie de conflits armés en Irak et en Afghanistan.

Source : L’Usine Nouvelle

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US moves to arm Indonesia’s growing F-16 fighter fleet

Written by Reuters

Monday, 27 August 2012

President Barack Obama’s administration has proposed to sell air-to-surface guided missiles and related gear to equip Indonesia’s growing fleet of U.S.-built F-16 fighter aircraft.

The sale, valued at $25 million, would be the latest U.S. move to boost security ties with friends and allies in a region stirred by China’s growing military clout and territorial assertiveness.

Indonesia has requested 18 AGM-65K2 « Maverick All-Up-Round » missiles, 36 « captive air training missiles » and three maintenance training missiles, plus spares, test equipment and personnel training, the administration told the U.S. Congress in a notice dated Wednesday, Reuters reports.

The AGM-65 Maverick, built by Raytheon Co, is designed to attack a wide range of tactical targets, including armor, air defenses, ships, ground transportation and fuel storage facilities.

« The Indonesian Air Force needs these missiles to train its F-16 pilots in basic air-to-ground weapons employment, » the Pentagon’s Defense Security Cooperation Agency said in the notice to lawmakers.

The arms sale would contribute to making Indonesia « a more valuable regional partner in an important area of the world, » the security agency added.

Such notices of a proposed sale are required by law and do not mean the sale has been concluded.

GIVING F-16s

The United States is giving, not selling, Jakarta two dozen second-hand F-16C/D fighter planes to strengthen bilateral ties and foster what the Pentagon has called a « much-needed » capability to protect Indonesian air space.

Obama and President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia announced the F-16 transfer near the end of a nine-day Asia-Pacific tour that Obama used in November to re-emphasize U.S. interests in the region.

The F-16s are decommissioned and no longer part of the U.S. Air Force inventory. Once retooled and upgraded, they will boost Indonesia’s « interoperability » with the United States, the Defense Department said at the time.

Interoperability is the extent to which military forces can work with each other to achieve a common goal. The refurbished aircraft add to Indonesia’s existing fleet of 10 earlier-model F-16s.

The quantities of missiles being sought by Indonesia would support both the existing fleet and the 24 being provided as U.S. surplus, the notice to Congress said.

Jakarta is paying up to $750 million to upgrade the second-hand Lockheed Martin Corp fighters and overhaul their United Technologies Corp’s Pratt & Whitney-built engines.

Indonesia, the largest country in Southeast Asia and the world’s most populous Muslim-majority nation, is only one part of the growing U.S. emphasis on the Asia-Pacific region for national-security planning.

The United States also is building Guam as a strategic hub, deploying up to four shore-hugging littoral combat ships on a rotational basis to Singapore and preparing what is to be a 2,500-strong Marine Corps task force rotation as part of a tightening military partnership with Australia.

Source: defenceweb.co.za

Indonesia Says ‘No, Thanks’ to More Sukhoi Fighters

MOSCOW, August 9 (RIA Novosti)

Indonesia will buy no more Sukhoi fighter jets from Russia, opting instead for U.S. F-16s, Air Marshal Eris Herryanto told Flightglobal aviation news portal on Thursday.

The Indonesian Air Force has 10 Su-30 and Su-27s with six additional fighters on the way.

Money is being made available to accelerate the refurbishment of its existing fleet of 15 Lockheed Martin C-130s, as well as buy four C-130Hs from Australia and upgrade them, and purchase more Indonesia Aerospace CN-295 transports, said Herryanto, who is secretary general of the Indonesian Defense Ministry.

« We are waiting for 24 F-16s from the USA. With those, we will have enough aircraft in our fighter inventory for the next 20 years. And that means we have enough Sukhoi fighters for now, » he said.

« Indonesia has also invested in South Korea’s K-FX program, which will produce fighters to replace aircraft like the [Northrop] F-5s and F-16s. We aim to buy enough K-FX fighters for three squadrons of 16-22 aircraft each. That will cover our long-term requirements. »

Sukhoi’s press service said they were not aware of Indonesia’s plans.

A source at United Aircraft Corp. (UAC) who spoke on condition of anonymity said he was not surprised by Indonesia’s decision, as there has been no discussion with Jakarta for any more Sukhoi sales.

Indonesia recently bought six Su-30 fighters to be delivered within the next three years (two a year).

The country’s Air Force will thus have a total of 16 Sukhois, which require spare parts, servicing, maintenance, etc, he said.

Any joint aircraft project with South Korea is unlikely to materialize soon, the source said.

Source: RIA Novosti

Russia to Sell 60 Armored Vehicles to Indonesia

MOSCOW, January 31 (RIA Novosti)

Russia is set to sell up to 60 infantry fighting vehicles to Indonesia in a deal worth more than $100 million, the Izvestia newspaper cited an unnamed military source as saying on Tuesday.

The deal will be finalized on February 10, the source said, adding that 20 BMP-3 vehicles will be delivered before the end of the year.

The Russian army stopped purchasing the vehicles in 2010.

The state-run weapons exporter Rosoboronexport declined to comment.

The Kurganmashzavod arms plant said it would produce modified vehicles for Indonesia.

Indonesia signs $500 mln contract to buy six Russian jet fighters

MOSCOW, January 10 (RIA Novosti)

Indonesia has signed a $470 million contract with Russia to buy six Sukhoi Su-30MK2 jet fighters for the Indonesian Air Force, The Jakarta Post daily has reported.

The deal was confirmed by Russian defense-industry and diplomatic sources, but the Sukhoi aircraft maker and arms exporter Rosoboronexport declined to comment.

Deliveries will start after 2013.

Indonesian Deputy Minister of Defense Sjafrie Sjamsoeddin said his office had handed over the contract to Rosoboronexport on December 30.

“We have another contract still in progress,” Sjafrie said.

The Indonesian Air Force currently has 10 Sukhoi jetfighters – six Sukhoi SU-27SKMs and four Sukhoi SU-30MK2s. The Air Force plans to place one squadron of the jetfighters at Hasanuddin Airbase in Makassar.

Russia recently completed a $300-million contract signed in 2007 on the delivery of three Su-30MK2 and three Su-27SKM fighters to Jakarta in addition to two Su-27SK and two Su-30MK fighters purchased in 2003.

S Korea to export T-50 supersonic jets to Indonesia

SEOUL, May 26 (Xinhua) — South Korea has struck a multi- million-dollar deal to export T-50 supersonic trainer jets to Indonesia, state-run aircraft company Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) said Thursday.

The deal to sell 16 supersonic jets worth 400 million U.S. dollars to Indonesia was signed in Jakarta Wednesday, the first time for South Korea to export its T-50 Golden Eagles, jointly produced by the KAI and U.S. defense firm Lockheed Martin, officials at the KAI said.

« I believe the cooperative atmosphere currently building up between South Korea and Indonesia in various sectors, including the economic (sector), was fundamental to (winning the contract), » said KAI president Kim Hong-kyung.

The jet maker was named a preferred bidder in April, as Jakarta sought to replace its old Hawk Mk-53 trainer jets.

South Korea has pledged to deliver the 16 jets in 2013, within 18 months after the contract takes effect, Kim added.

Source: news.xinhuanet.com

Global Fighter Jets: Asia, The New Centre Of Gravity?

By Richard A. Bitzinger

April 20, 2011

Some of Asia’s aerospace industries are starting work on fifth-generation fighter aircraft. Despite huge technological hurdles, these countries could displace Western Europe as a leading centre of fighter jet development, and possibly one day give the United States some real competition in global markets.

FOR CENTURIES, North America and Europe have dominated the state-of-the-art when it comes to military technology. Nearly all the great breakthroughs in weaponry – from muskets to missiles – have originated there. And perhaps no field of military technology has been more consistently and overwhelmingly the purview of the occidental West than fighter jets.

Since the end of World War II, a handful of countries in the West – basically, the United States, the USSR/Russia, Britain, France, and Sweden – have controlled the global fighter jet industry. Many countries have tried to break into this business: Argentina in the 1950s, Egypt and India in the 1960s, Israel and South Africa in the 1980s; none were particularly successful, and some – such as the Indian HF-24 Marut – were spectacular failures. Even today, perhaps 90 percent of all fighter jets flown by all the world’s air forces are produced by these five countries, or are based on copies of their planes (such as the Chinese J-7 fighter, a virtual clone of the venerable Soviet MiG-21).

This Western dominance could begin to crumble, however, as Asia ramps up several new fighter jet programmes, all of which are intended to come into service over the next 10 to 20 years. Consequently, the centre of gravity in the fighter jet industry could gradually begin to shift from the North Atlantic closer to the Asia – a development that could have particularly grave consequences for Western Europe’s military aerospace sector and could eventually even challenge the US’s predominance in this sector.

Asia’s Fighter Jet Programmes: Who’s Up, Who’s Down?

Combat aircraft development in Asia is a decidedly uneven affair. Southeast Asia, for example, has hardly a player in this sector, despite the vainglorious efforts of B.J. Habibie to turn Indonesia into an aerospace powerhouse, or Singapore Technologies’ success as an aircraft maintenance and upgrade shop. In addition, Taiwan’s indigenous aerospace industry – which developed both an advanced trainer jet (the AT-3) and a frontline fighter (the Ching-kuo) – is for all practical purposes dead in the water, having not produced a new aircraft in over a decade.

Even Japan, Asia’s aerospace leader for decades (and the only country in the region to possess a military aircraft industry before World War II), is in a state of uncertain decline. Its current indigenous fighter jet, the F-2, has been a technological and programmatic dead-end: its all-composite wing is prone to cracks, and it is so outrageously expensive (three times the cost of the F-16 upon which it is based) that procurement was cut from 130 to only 98 planes. When the last F-2 is delivered this year, Japan will have no fighter aircraft in production – and no new programme to replace it.

Rising Centres: China, India, and South Korea

On the other hand, some Asian fighter aircraft producers are obviously on the rise, despite all odds. China startled the world in January with the first flight of its J-20 fighter. Not much is known about this aircraft, which in some ways resembles the US “fifth-generation” F-22, and one should be careful not to read too much into this programme. Nevertheless, the J-20 certainly demonstrates China’s ambitions – and the aggressive steps it is prepared to take – to claw its way up into the vanguard of fighter-jet producers.

India is also attempting to develop a fifth-generation fighter, in collaboration with Russia, based on the Sukhoi PAK FA (T-50) prototype. If this programme is successful, it would constitute a generational leap in India’s fighter jet technology, as well as atoning for its long-delayed and over-budget Tejas fighter.

Finally, South Korea is pressing ahead with not one but two designs for an indigenous fifth-generation “KF-X” fighter – a twin-engine, canard-type fighter, and a single-engine aircraft resembling the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF). Interestingly, both Indonesia and Turkey are keen to partner with Korea in developing and manufacturing one of these fighters.

What About Europe?

All of these fighter jets are intended to fly or even be fielded within a decade. Of course, these countries face tremendous challenges translating these programmes – some which are literally paper aircraft – into actual frontline fighters. India is heavily dependent upon Russian know-how and systems, while it is highly uncertain that South Korea possesses the technological base to indigenously develop a state-of-the-art fighter. If these countries should succeed, however, this would constitute a tectonic shift in the centre of gravity in the global fighter jet industry.

Europe is the most at risk for losing its place to Asia in the global fighter jet hierarchy. Western Europe has basically not developed a new fighter in nearly 30 years. At present there is no money in the European aerospace sector to fund a fifth-generation follow-on to the Eurofighter Typhoon, the French Rafale, or the Swedish Gripen. Moreover, talk about a European UCAV (an unmanned combat aerial vehicle), which could constitute the region’s next-generation fighter programme, remains just that – talk.

Consequently, the future global fighter aircraft business could in time become a US-Asian duopoly. And while the US, with the F-35 JSF, is likely to dominate this sector for the next two decades – especially when it comes to international arms sales – some upstart Asian aircraft producers could eventually give it a real run for its money.

Richard A. Bitzinger is a Senior Fellow with the Military Transformations Programme at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University. Formerly with the RAND Corp. and the Defence Budget Project, he has been writing on aerospace and defence issues for more than 20 years.

Source : Eurasiareview.com

Indonesian Navy successfully tests Russian anti-ship missile

The Indonesian Navy has successfully tested a Russian-made anti-ship missile for the first time, the Antara national news agency reported on Thursday.

The Yakhont anti-ship missile was launched on Wednesday from the Van Speijk class frigate, Oswald Siahaan, during naval exercises in the Indian Ocean. Russian observers oversaw the drills, which involved 12 ships and over 1,000 personnel.

It took six minutes for the missile to cover 250 kilometers and destroy a designated target.

« The target ship was hit [by the missile] and sank, » Navy spokesman Rear Admiral Iskandar Sitompul said. « We bought these missiles a long time ago, and have finally tested them. »

Indonesia bought an undisclosed number of Russian SS-N-26 Yakhont supersonic anti-ship cruise missiles for $1.2-million apiece in 2007 to replace Harpoon missiles on its frigates.

The missile has a maximum range of 300 kilometers when cruising at high altitude. It flies at low level during the terminal phase, and between 5 and 15 meters in altitude.

MOSCOW, April 21 (RIA Novosti)

Indonesia: Govt Builds Military Training Center

TEMPO Interactive, Jakarta:

The Defense Ministry is currently building a Four in One Military Training Center in a 260-hectare area in Sentul, Bogor, West Java. The location will be used to train peace-corps, disaster-alert, anti-terrorist and armed troops.

“This will become a source of pride for Indonesia. In 2011, one stage will hopefully be completed,” said defense strategy director general Maj. Gen. Puguh Santoso, in a press release yesterday.

According to Puguh, the training center is projected to be finished before the end of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s term in 2014. The project will be funded by the Defense Ministry.

Puguh said the training center could also be used by ASEAN countries sending troops to UN peace missions. The antiterrorism teams will be trained by the US and the disaster-alert troop will be prepared 24 hours a day to go to disaster areas.

PT Garuda CEO, Emirsyah Satar, yesterday handed over two 737/400 airplanes to the Indonesian Air Force at the Halim Perdana Kusuma Air Base, Jakarta. The two used planes with a 130-passenger capacity will add to the fleet, comprising Hercules, Fokker 28, and B-737/200. According to the Indonesian Air Force chief of staff, Marshall Imam Sufaat, the planes are big enough and can be used for carrying troops.

Italy has also offered a C27J Spartan carrier. Yesterday, the Italian Air Force sent one C27J Spartan to Halim to promote it. The plane had just participated in an airshow in Avalone, Melbourne, Australia. “The Indonesian Air Force is in need of a carrier,” said Indonesian Air Force’s spokesperson, Marshall Bambang Samoedro.

The C27J is a medium-sized military carrier developed by Lockheed Martin Alenia Tactical Transport System from the US. It can be used to carry troops or goods, carry out parachute operations and patrols. “The plane is better than a Fokker,” said Bambang.

In Bandung, PT Dirgantara Indonesia CEO, Budi Santoso, said the Indonesian Air Force was looking at buying an MK II EC 725 helicopter, produced by France’s Eurocopter, this year.

Briefing: Eurocopter plots expansion in Indonesia

11 March 2011

By Jon Grevatt

Eurocopter Indonesia, a wholly owned subsidiary of Eurocopter, is looking to expand its industrial partnership with PT Dirgantara Indonesia (PTDI) to enable the state-owned aerospace manufacturer to undertake substantial production of the EC-275 tactical transport helicopter and its civilian variant, the EC-225.

Jean-Luc Alfonsi, the president of Eurocopter Indonesia, told Jane’s on 10 March that PTDI is currently manufacturing tailbooms for the helicopters under an industrial partnership agreement signed when Eurocopter Indonesia become established in the country in 2008. This partnership is expected to develop further during the next few years in a move that will see PTDI producing the complete fuselage for both platforms.

« There is a possibility to expand on our partnership, » Alfonsi said. « In the future, we expect to be able to have the production of the complete fuselage [of the EC-275 and the EC-225] to be carried out by PTDI. This arrangement would be part of our existing industrial agreement [with PTDI] whereby manufactured parts would be integrated into our global supply chain. »

State-run media in Indonesia had earlier reported that the Indonesian Air Force [Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Udara, TNI-AU] was exploring the possibility of procuring the EC-725 to meet some of its wide-ranging rotor-craft requirements. Alfonsi confirmed this possibility, although he disclosed no details. He added: « For the time being, our relationship [with Indonesia] is based on our industrial partnership with PTDI. »

The agreement signed in 2008 over the production of EC-275/EC-225 tailbooms is one of many that Eurocopter has signed with PTDI during the past 30 years. Others have facilitated the licensed production of the Puma SA 330, the AS332 Super Puma and the BO 105 utility helicopter for Indonesian armed forces.

Source: Jane’s